African Revolutionary Writers, Part 4b
Agostinho Neto, the first President of MPLA and the first President of the independent republic of Angola, was a great writer - a poet - as well as a great revolutionary leader.
The downloadable document linked below is as good an example as could be found of how, through radio, speech, and eventually through the translation and compilation of the same into a pamphlet by the solidarity movement, the kinds of words which held the liberation movement together, and also publicised it, were made and multiplied.
At this stage, in 2011, it may be thought that the propagation of such words in those days was easy, or automatic. Nothing could be further from the truth. The liberation movements were outsiders. Their supporters in other countries, whom Neto here mentions and acknowledges, were not in the mainstream. The countries which now parade as “the international community”, as “NATO”, the “ICC”, and in other guises - in other words the governments of the metropolitan Imperialist countries - in those days were solidly and quite openly supporting colonialism. Portugal, for example, was then (and has never since ceased to be) a leading member of NATO, which is actually the armed wing of imperialism.
In these particular writings Neto does not, as the linked writings of Mondlane and Cabral did, reflect explicitly on the place of intellectual work in the national democratic revolution.
Instead, this set of three items, presented together as a pamphlet, directly exemplifies such intellectual work in practice.
It is hard not to be moved by these words even after the passage of nearly 40 years. They still have the immediacy and the urgency that they had when they were spoken by Agostinho Neto and heard by the three different audiences to which they were addressed.
These words carry truths and lessons that still need to be learned and re-learned.
In a different mood, some of Agostinho Neto’s poems, translated into English, can be read if you click here.
Please download and read this text:
Eduardo Mondlane, The Struggle for Mozambique, 1969 (6938 words)
Amilcar Cabral, The Weapon of Theory, 1966 (7710 words)
Ruth First, Workers or Peasants? 1983 (4922 words)
Ruth First, Libya - the Elusive Revolution, 1974 (5141 words)