Course on Anti-Imperialism, War and Peace, Part 7
The Armed People
The practical alternative to the State that appeared in Paris in the beginning of 1871 was not only the right of recall and the whole people collectively in power and in perpetual session. It was also the reappearance of the Armed People in a new kind of societal framework. So-called Primitive Communism is an Armed People. Here, in the Paris Commune, was an Armed People in advanced productive circumstances.
The security forces - army and police - that had existed before the Paris Commune had been paid to support the bourgeois State and to guarantee the State’s survival by suppressing, whenever necessary, the working class. These forces were disbanded and not replaced. With hardly any exceptions, all “separations of powers” were abolished in the Paris Commune, leaving only one power: The Armed People.
in the time of the Popular Unity government that fell on 11 September 1973,
instead of an Armed People, a virtue was made of disarmament, and a “Peaceful
Path” was worshipped as the new political Golden Calf. Chile
Volodia Teitelboim, in the first document linked below, gives a brief description, as one of those who was involved, of Chile’s Popular Unity government and its disastrous end at the hands of traitor fascists who used the national army to overthrow it. It was a shocking reminder of the purpose of the “special bodies of armed men”.
Teitelboim calls for “A Reappraisal of the Issue of the Army,” meaning a return to the view of the Paris Commune, which is mentioned in the first line. This document of Teitelboim’s is sufficient as the basis for a very good and necessary discussion.
The second linked document is the ANC’s original Strategy and Tactics document of 1969. This document unashamedly embraces armed struggle, and not any starry “Peaceful Path”.
Like the Chilean Popular Unity government, ours is a multiclass government underpinned by a class alliance for common goals. It is a unity-in-action, otherwise called a popular front.
Why have we in South Africa survived after 16 years, while the Chileans did not survive after only 1,000 days?
The answer could be that we are not pacifists. Or, the answer could be that our crisis has not arrived yet. Or, that we have passed at least one crisis (e.g. in mid-2008, resolved by the recall of President Mbeki and the resignation of various ministers including Terror Lekota and Mluleki George), which may not yet be the last.
South Africans were in this case in advance of the historic crisis that manifested in
Four years prior to the Pinochet coup in Chile overthrew the Popular Unity
government led by Salvador Allende, the Morogoro Conference of the ANC had laid
down the necessity for the armed defence of the revolution. We look at this in
the next instalment. Chile
Picture: There are very few photographs of freedom fighters in formation or in action to be found on the Internet, whether of MK or any of any other liberation army; but there are many photographs of freedom fighters in captivity. Full justice has not yet been done. The picture is of a statue of Dedan Kimathi under the blue sky of Kenya. AMANDLA!
Please download and read the text via the following link:
Strategy and Tactics, Morogoro, 1969, ANC (5882 words)